Bacterial infections are never good. They always lead to fever and other complications. So here is yet another disease which is caused by bacteria.
Writing for Q was not that easy. Firstly, I was not aware of any disease starting with Q and secondly, even I did not find any which was very specific for children. However, I did come across a rare disease which can also be found in children. So after a lot of contemplation, I finally convinced myself to write about this disease.
There are many rare diseases. Q Fever is one of them. Also, known as query fever, it is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This bacteria is found in the goats, sheep and cattle. When a person or a child comes in contact with the contaminated dust by the infected animal they get Q fever. The disease usually displays symptoms very similar to the flu. The mild form of the disease lasts for a few weeks and does not really need treatment. However, the more serious forms a chronic infection.
People who get Q fever are between 30 to 70 years old. In very rare cases, children especially those living on the farm can also get this disease. In children who are younger than 3, the Q fever is generally noticed while examining for pneumonia.
How to Recognise Q Fever:
Symptoms do not show till 2-3 weeks after the exposure of the bacteria. However, when the symptoms do come they are different from person to person. Some of the common ones are:
- high fever
- dry cough
- pain in the joints
- abdominal pain
- chest pain
Cause of Q Fever:
Generally, people who stay at the farm or close to the farm and work very closely with cattle, sheep and goat are at risk of getting Q fever.
It is caused by bacteria commonly passed from the animal’s fluid, milk, urine and faeces. In a rare case, the infection can also occur because of drinking unpasteurised milk.
How is Q Fever Treated:
Treatment is based on how severe the symptoms are. When the fever is mild then it does not need any treatment and a child or person bounces back within a few weeks. However, in case of severe infection, antibiotic is given to both children and adult. The duration of treatment is for 2-3 weeks. In the case of chronic infection, the antibiotics are given for 18 months. If not treated it can give rise to complications affecting the heart, brain, bones, lungs and liver.
The only way to prevent this Q fever is to take precautions by maintaining good hygiene practises in and around the farm. Since it can also be transmitted through milk make sure that the milk is pasteurised before consumption.
Theme Reveal, A – Autism, B – Bronchiolitis, C – Celiac Disease, D – Dyslexia, E – Eating Disorders, F – Fever, G – GERD, H – Hand Foot And Mouth Disease (HFMD), I – Imaginary Friends, J – Juvenile Arthritis, K – Kawasaki Disease, L – Leukaemia, M – Meningitis, N – Neuroblast, O – Omphalitis, P – Pica