“Their laughter will make your heart melt, Their strength will make a grown person cry, If you ever see a child fight cancer, it will change your life forever.”
Today, again I am going to discuss a tumour which is rare but can be seen in children. Wilms’ tumour or neuroblastoma is common in children. This is the cancer of the kidneys and affects children who are 3-4 years old. The tumour is less common after 5 years of age. It is commonly found in one kidney but there are chances that both the kidneys can be involved at the same time. However, the good news is that the outlook for most children with the disease is good.
Symptoms of Wilms’ Tumour:
This tumour does not always show signs and symptoms. The children who have this tumour appear rather healthy. However, they may experience:
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Pain in the abdomen
- An unusual mass in the abdomen
- Fever, and
- Blood in urine
Diagnosing Wilms’ Tumor:
If any of the above are noticed and you are troubled then make an appointment with the doctor.
For an appropriate diagnosis, the doctor may recommend the following:
- Physical Examination: to look for possible signs of the tumour
- Urine and Blood Tests: These tests along with an overall health assessment of a child can help in detecting Wilms’ Tumor.
- Imaging Tests: Tests like CT scan and MRI help to create images of the child’s kidneys. This further helps the doctor to make an assessment of whether the child has the tumour or not.
- Surgery: In some cases, the doctor may recommend removing the tumour or even the entire kidney. The removed tissue is usually sent to the laboratory for further investigations.
Stages of the tumour:
After the tests have been done and the child has been diagnosed with the tumour, the next step is to analyse the extent or the stage of the tumour. These stages help in outlining the treatment for the same. The stages of the tumour are:
Stage 1: There is involvement of only one kidney and this can be removed completely with surgery.
Stage 2: Along with the kidney there is involvement of the nearby tissues and structures like the fat and blood vessels. This can also be removed completely with surgery.
Stage 3: Cancer has spread beyond the kidney to the abdomen and lymph nodes. This cannot be removed completely by the tumour.
Stage 4: In this, cancer spreads to the far ways organs like the brain, bones, liver and lungs.
Stage 5: There is involvement of both the kidneys.
Theme Reveal, A – Autism, B – Bronchiolitis, C – Celiac Disease, D – Dyslexia, E – Eating Disorders, F – Fever, G – GERD, H – Hand Foot And Mouth Disease (HFMD), I – Imaginary Friends, J – Juvenile Arthritis, K – Kawasaki Disease, L – Leukaemia, M – Meningitis, N – Neuroblastoma, O – Omphalitis, P – Pica, Q – Q Fever, R – Retinoblastoma, S – SIDS, T – Tetanus, U – Urinary Tract Infection, V – Vomiting