It can be difficult to see a child vomit, but hang on they will bounce back even before you know.
It is rather normal for children and babies to Vomit. We all are used to see them vomiting when they are not well, or when forced to eat food or when they cry a lot. These are not so serious and the child is better soon. However, the most common cause of vomit in a child and babies is gastroenteritis.
Gastroenteritis is the infection of the gut and is also known as stomach flu. It is also known to cause diarrhoea and nausea. However, the child starts to feel better in a few days. When the vomiting is persistent and the child becomes severely dehydrated then it may be an indication of something serious.
Today I will discuss some causes for vomiting, what to do and how to take care of the child.
Causes of Vomiting in Children: Though it is normal, there may be a cause behind vomiting in children and babies. Some of the causes are:
- Food allergies
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Middle Ear Infection
- Swallowing poison accidentally
In babies the causes are:
- Food allergy
- Lactose intolerance
- Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux
- Swallowing too much milk because of a big hole in the bottle teat
- Congenital Pyloric Stenosis – In this condition the passage from the stomach to the bowel narrows and the food does not pass easily, thus causing vomiting.
What to do when a child has vomiting: Don’t panic and just keep a close eye on them. In case of the tummy bug, the child will feel better in a day or two and will get back to their playing and eating. However, if they are not their normal selves, irritable, cranky and lethargic then doctor’s advice should be taken.
Medical advice should also be taken when the child is:
- Repeatedly vomiting
- Has been vomiting more than 2 days
- Green vomit or blood in it
Caring for a child at home: A child can be treated safely at home. Here are some things which can be followed to take care of the child who is unwell:
- Make sure that the child drinks a lot of fluids to avoid dehydration
- Continue to breastfeed babies
- Oral rehydration contains both salt and sugar and replaces the salts and water which is lost through vomiting
- Avoid serving fruit juices and aerated drink as these may further dehydrate the child
- Offer semisolid food if the child is not dehydrated and wishes to eat something
Theme Reveal, A – Autism, B – Bronchiolitis, C – Celiac Disease, D – Dyslexia, E – Eating Disorders, F – Fever, G – GERD, H – Hand Foot And Mouth Disease (HFMD), I – Imaginary Friends, J – Juvenile Arthritis, K – Kawasaki Disease, L – Leukaemia, M – Meningitis, N – Neuroblastoma, O – Omphalitis, P – Pica, Q – Q Fever, R – Retinoblastoma, S – SIDS, T – Tetanus, U – Urinary Tract Infection